Instead, just focus on how the verb (“to read”) is changing in each. (Of course, even if something happened a few minutes or hours ago, it’s also in the past—but this is a good basic trick for remembering which tense is used for which “time”!). If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. Use the present perfect with "already," "just," and "yet" to speak about recent actions. It happened today or right now (Present): I am talking to Mary on the phone. The difference is the following: Present Perfect denotes recent actions and events which are connected with the present. Learn English online. The Past Continuous tense is formed by joining was/were + present participle (-ing) Past Perfect Tense is formed by had + past participle. We’ve lived/’ve been living here for about a year now. Daughter: No, I (come / just) home from school. Although the process of breaking the window took place in the past, its effect is still present – the window is still broken. (to live) 3. Example: I bought a new bike. Where were you? In the simple past, we use just one verb and it’s used in the “past” form. signal words on Monday (referring to the past) → simple past; I (give) you his phone number last month. Simple Past Present Perfect Simple; Emphasis on action. When I went to the car park, I found that my car ______ . Here’s a simple trick to remember which is which. Compare: I ______ English for 5 years now. The good news is, the more you practice the better you’ll be. Simple Future: I will talk to Mary tomorrow. The simple past uses a single verb (the simple past form of the verb) while the present perfect uses two verbs (has/have + participle form of the verb). You might have noticed how the verb “to talk” changed depending on the tense of the sentence. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. There’s also a “quiz mode” after every video where you can put to practice what you’ve learned. Let’s take a regular verb like to walk and an irregular verb like to eat, for example. Then press "Check" to see the correction. For now, don’t worry about why we have to use so many tenses. Feel free to check out her blog or contact her for freelancing/educational inquiries. (It took place recently. Present perfect and past simple 2. Present perfect simple vs past simple exercises. Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! In the present perfect, we use the helping verbs has or have along with the “participle” form of the main verb (which is the verb that indicates the action). (you / wash) the dishes yet? Now you know how you can still use present tense to talk about a past event. Another way to differentiate between the two tenses is to simply look at the verbs used. I have lived in this city for six months. Past simple / Present perfect (simple / continuous) Past simple and Present perfect. Therefore, it’s still “connected” to the present. Why (you/call/not) him yet? We’re just talking about an event in the past and aren’t discussing the possible effects of it. Past simple and present perfect - how to form them and how to use them correctly.

  • The simple past always refers to an action or situation that is finished . I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. If you’re still confused, no worries. Of course, if we’re talking about a historical event or something that happened many years ago, we use the past tense. Past Simple denotes actions and events in … Click here for more information about the past simple tense. A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience): Mother: You (come) home from school two hours ago! Present perfect continuous. records. In other words, to convert a verb to the present perfect, we can use this simple formula: So if the verb is to fly, then the present perfect form would be: has/have + flown, as in the following examples: For regular verbs, the participle and simple past forms are the same. The 16 Best Online Games to Practice English, The easiest way to remember is that the action/event in. Every sentence we speak or write in English is in one of these tenses. So be consistent and motivated about learning and you’ll be fluent in English before you know it! Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience): A finished action in someone's life (when the person is dead): A finished action with a result in the present: A finished action with no result in the present: With an unfinished time word (this week, this month, today): With a finished time word (last week, last month, yesterday): We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two. I personally found the model of using yesterday, today and tomorrow to memorize the three tenses of past, present and future to be very useful. Present Perfect vs. Finished actions: I knew Julie for ten years (but then she moved away and we lost touch). ), My husband and I have known each other for five years now. To write a sentence in the simple past, we have to convert the verb to its simple past form. Use "yet" in the negative and question, but "already" and "just" in the positive form. For more information on forms of the present perfect (simple), see Present perfect simple: positive. (With this sentence I actually want to express that I have a new bike now.) For example: She has eaten the pie all by herself. Mother: (you / do / already) your homework? Yes, the present perfect is one of the forms of the present tense. ID: 38453 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 12-16 Main content: Present perfect or past simple Other contents: Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Add to my workbooks (1768) Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom He (tell/already) you why he won’t be able to come. In other words, present perfect is listed under the present tense because the event usually took place just now or recently. Present perfect. We use the present perfect with how long, for, since to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and still continue or are still true now. Present Perfect: I have talked to Mary before. (just telling what I did in the past.) The past simple (also called the simple past), as the name suggests, is the tense we use to talk about any action or event that has already happened. It looks new again. All Rights Reserved. ); The simple past tense is preferred when we identify the person or thing responsible for a present situation. Present Perfect Continuous: I have been talking to Mary for three hours now. Now they can watch the film. Well, I’m here to tell you that when I first learned these English tenses, I had the same problem. I’ve listened/been listening to the new album a lot since I downloaded it. Perhaps the textbook approach doesn’t work for you and you want to memorize what you’ve learned in a more fun way. The best way to explain this is to rewrite the above example in each of the sub-tenses. It doesn’t make any sense! Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. Exercise 1. Simple Present: I talk to Mary at least once a day. Tenses, as some of you may already know, are a way of measuring time. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary In the past perfect, our reference point is in the past. Past Perfect Continuous: I had been talking to Mary for two hours before we finally hung up. (The time isn’t specified). Emphasis on result. Decide if you need to use the simple past or the present perfect simple.. For irregular verbs, the participle forms must be memorized. Download: Choose the past simple or the present perfect. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Simple Past or Present Perfect – Exercise 1. Before I go into the details of the simple past and the present perfect, it’s important that you fully understand the concept of tenses in English. can take anywhere. He went on an exchange program two years ago. The simple past tense is more common in US English, while the present perfect is used much more in British English. I use the present perfect because the question is about results: « show me ». Get more Perfect … She walked home from the party. Past Continuous: I was talking to Mary when you came in. Past Simple i Present Perfect - budowa i zastosowanie Past Simple (podmiot + II forma czasownika) to czas, którego używamy do mówienia o sytuacjach i czynnościach, które wydarzyły się i zakończyły w określonym punkcie w czasie w przeszłości. Last year we . It will happen tomorrow or even later (Future): I will talk tho Mary at work tomorrow. I hope by the time you finish reading it, the differences are clear in your head and you’ll never be confused about the two again. You can improve your English right now by signing up for a free trial. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Past Simple & Present Perfect'. (to steal) 2. the car. In fact, the structure of the Present Perfect is very simple. We CAN'T use the present perfect with a finished time word. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Once you’re confident, we can look at them in greater detail and focus on the exceptions. When we talk about any event or action (let’s say, eating a cookie), it can only happen in one of these three times: It happened yesterday or even earlier (Past): I talked to Mary yesterday. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. The Present Perfect tense is a rather important tense in English, but it gives speakers of some languages a difficult time. Remember : the Present Perfect is used for unfinished time, the Past Simple for finished time. We use the past simple with how long, for, since to talk about actions or situations that started and finished in the past. Here’s a quick summary of what we’ve learned so far: Now that you know the differences, it’s time to put your knowledge to test. Choose the correct words or phrases. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Charakterystyczne są dla niego poniższe określenia czasu: We also use this tense when the focus is more on the “result” of the action instead of the “telling” of the action. But for irregular verbs, you need to memorize the verb forms. Click here to review how to make the present perfect. All it takes is a bit of practice and soon it’ll become second nature. The present perfect tense is formed by Have/Has + Past Participle. (The focus is on the result of the action—the pie is now finished by her! It is used to show that an action or situation in the past:
  • -continues today, … We may also use this tense when we want to focus on telling people about the action. I use the simple past tense because the question is about activities, and the school day is considered finished.
  • The present perfect connects the past and the present. In the simple past, there is no connection to the present as in the present perfect. Each video comes with interactive captions and subtitles so you understand every word while also learning about English culture. Somebody has let the cat in. Kurt went to Canada in 1991.; I didn't see you yesterday. Welcome! We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, take your English skills to the next level, Why Wait? Present Perfect Simple: Past Simple: Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: I've known Julie for ten years (and I still know her). These are simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous. Click here to return to the list of English grammar exercises. This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. In British English, we use the present perfect to talk about an action or situation in the past when we don't know the exact time or it isn't important. Archita Mittra is a freelance writer, journalist, editor and educator. Tom and Julie (go) to the cinema yesterday. 4. I hope this post has cleared the confusion between the present perfect and the past simple tenses. We normally use the present perfect continuous to emphasise that something is still continuing in the present: She has been living in Liverpool all her life. I wrote a few lines of the story in my notebook last week. I have written a few lines already. These events may be ongoing or completed but usually, the events took place recently and the time is unspecified. In both cases, the focus is on telling of the action (“dancing a lot,” “walking home”) that took place in the past and not on the results or consequences of the action. Complete the sentences. Check your understanding … Both Present Perfect and Past Simple are used to talk about a completed action. Past simple or present perfect? The easiest way to remember is that the action/event in past simple refers to “finished” time while in present perfect, it suggests there’s still a … to Italy. the book. They . The verbs we use tell us which tense is being used. "What have you done at school today?" The past simple is used to talk about completed actions at a particular point in the past, often with dates or times and words like yesterday, last and ago:. If the verb form changes, the tense changes (and vice versa). Daughter: I (wash) the dishes yesterday, but I (have / not) the time yet to do it today. The Present perfect is used to talk about. That is because it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in those languages. To sum up, we use the simple past to refer to an event or an action that took place in “finished time” or to simply focus on talking about the action itself. Of all the tenses in English, these are the two verb tenses that differentiate the two forms of the English language. Click here for more information about the present perfect tense, Click here for more information about the past simple tense, Present perfect or past simple exercise 1, Present perfect or past simple exercise 2, Present perfect or past simple exercise 3, Present perfect or past simple exercise 4. (We added an “-ed” to “walk”), He ate a pizza for dinner. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Or you could try writing them on your own and checking the answers below. Example: I have bought a new bike. The Top 8 Common English Diphthong Sounds with Examples, 9 Online English Speaking Courses to Become a Confident English Speaker, 8 Ways to Learn Professional English by Living Your Life, 7 English Pronunciation Apps to Speak Clear, Confident English in 2021, Game On! Addition of “-ed" in the root of regular verbs is how to make a simple past tense. Indeed, if you’re going to master tenses, you need to know: Now, each of these three tenses can be further divided into four “sub” tenses. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present. 1. You’re right—it doesn’t make sense… at first! We can often use either the present perfect simple or the present perfect continuous with since or for when something started in the past and continues now, or is repeated up to now. Madonna _____ (record) many albums and will probably make many more. Complete the sentences with the past OR the present perfect (simple or continuous). Simple Past. Both present perfect and past perfect talk about something that happened before a point in time (reference point). Verb + ed / irregular verb Verb Tense Exercise 5 Simple Past and Present Perfect f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! So how do we determine the tense being used when looking at a sentence? Task No. In short, the simple past is used when talk about events that already finished.

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